a) Militarization of the borders: National and European polity of preventing the newcomers from entering and avoiding the secondary movement in Europe has resulted to:
b) Restriction of reception provisions and deterioration of access to international protection; invoking discrimination measures against this population “as a prevention measure to prevent the spread of coronavirus and in order protect them”.
c) A new rhetoric on the need of further border guard against “an invisible threat”.
The principle of non-refoulement is the cornerstone of the international refugee protection, prohibiting the forced removal of refugees to territories where they are at risk of persecution. It is enshrined in Article 33 of the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees and it is a fundamental principle for which no deviation is permitted. The principle of non-refoulement is customary international law, as such, it is binding on all States, including those who are not state parties to the 1951 Convention and/or the 1967 Protocol on the Status of Refugees. According to Article 21 of Law 4636/2019 (Article 21 of Directive 2011/95/EU) the competent authorities are obliged to follow the principle of non-refoulement in accordance with the international obligations of the country.